A scholarly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the study of mythopoeic literature
Mythlore Style Sheet
MLA StyleAll in-text citations and your works-cited list should conform to MLA style. See the current MLA Handbook 8th ed. (2016) for complete details.
- Use parenthetical in-text citations rather than footnote or endnote citations:
- "It needs but one for to breed a war", said Éowyn (Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings VI.5.937). (Note the punctuation after the citation, and the preferred style for citing LotR by volume, book, and page.)
- For block quotes (quotations that take up over three lines and are indented from the rest of the text), the punctuation goes at the end of the quote, before the parenthetical citation.
- Abbreviations or short titles are acceptable in in-text citations but should be spelled out the first time used:
- (Lewis, The Horse and His Boy [HB] 32); subsequently, (HB 45).
- (Tolkien, "Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics" ["Monsters"] 10); subsequently, ("Monsters" 15).
- See the MLA Handbook for further guidance on shortening subsequent in-text citations and standardized abbreviations for Shakespeare and the bible.
Works Cited/BibliographyIn MLA style, short citations in the text refer the reader to a bibliography at the end of the work. Any full citations in your text should be replaced with abbreviated citations and moved to your bibliography. Use MLA format (with year at the end rather than after the author) for works cited list. MLA 8th no longer requires the place of publication for most publishers, and has changed the abbreviations used in citing periodical articles:
Tolkien, J.R.R. The Lord of the Rings. 50th Anniversary ed., Houghton Mifflin, 2004.
- Journal Article:
Gaarden, Bonnie. "'The Golden Key': A Double Reading." Mythlore vol. 24, no. 3/4 (#93/94), 2006, pp. 35-52.
- Also please note that items from Mythlore should be cited following this pattern, with both volume/issue number and whole issue number.
- Book section:
Lewis, C.S. "De Descriptione Temporum." Selected Literary Essays, edited by Walter Hooper, Cambridge UP, 1969, pp. 1-14.
- Web site:
Pratchett, Terry. "Words from the Master." The L-Space Web, 2002, http://www.co.uk.lspace.org/books/apf/words-from-the-master.html.
FootnotesUse footnotes, not endnotes. Use Arabic numerals. Citations within footnotes should also be in MLA format, and cited materials should appear in your bibliography.
Additional Mythlore Style Points
- Use US English spelling and punctuation except when quoting original text that uses other spelling and punctuation styles.
- Titles should be italicized, not underlined.
- Commas and periods generally go inside quotes; colons and semicolons outside. All go after parentheses
in most cases. Use “curly” quotes, not "straight" quotes.
- “Up Eorlingas! Fear no darkness,” he shouted (RotK 126). This was Théoden's ‘battle-cry’; it struck fear into the Southrons.
- Parentheses nested inside parentheses should be replaced with brackets.
- Tolkien enjoyed Haggard (and Lewis is known to have liked him too ["Haggard" 97]).
- When you leave words out of a quotation, replace them with ellipses enclosed in brackets. Ellipses in the original should be spaced out.
- "Why, it's like a young cathedral. [...] How big is your parish, then?" (Sayers, Nine Tailors 7).
- "[D]ear me! have you any luggage? . . . Ah! down at Frog's Bridge?" (Sayers 6).
- Use the serial or Oxford comma after the next-to-last item in a series:
- Tolkien, Lewis, and Williams; Dickens, Austen, or Twain
- For the possessive of a name ending in s, add ’s:
- Lewis's, Williams's, James's
- Mythlore does not use spaces between the initials of an author's name:
- J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, G.K. Chesterton, but H. Rider Haggard
- Use the em-dash with no spaces to indicate a dash between words:
- Chesterton—who enjoyed his pint—wouldn't begrudge a drink . . .
- Also use the em-dash to indicate additional works by the same author in the works cited:
- Tolkien, J.R.R. Farmer Giles of Ham.
—. Leaf by Niggle.
- Tolkien, J.R.R. Farmer Giles of Ham.
- Citing websites: use black text and remove underlining.
- Preferred editions:
- The 50th Anniversary one-volume edition of The Lord of the Rings (2004 and later printings) is our preferred edition. Cite your quotations including the book and chapter number so we can easily change them to this edition if you use a different one. For example, LotR VI.5.937 refers to Book 6, Chapter 5 "The Steward and The King," page 937 in the edition cited.
- We do not have a preferred edition of The Hobbit, The Chronicles of Narnia, or The Space Trilogy. For these and similar titles, which have appeared in multiple editions with different paginations, include the chapter number when possible. For example, Hobbit XIII.150, Voyage of the Dawn Treader 5.55.
Please give all your quotations and your works cited another check for accuracy. It can be surprising how many transcription errors you see after being away from a paper for a while!
Editor of Mythlore
Guidelines for prospective reviewers: Mythlore Reviewer Guidelines.
Content copyright 1967- - The Mythopoeic Society - All rights reserved.